available on this page. Replication datasets are available as
links on my
research page or on DataVerse.
LPR (loss probability) variable from Kayser & Lindstädt (2015) is available here
(click on link) as part of a
small csv format dataset together with some ID variables, country code,
name, election date, etc. Theoretically, loss probability should have
the greatest effect on incumbent behavior when the plurality party in
parliament is holds the prime ministership and in parliamentary
democracies. We include dummy variables for each of the
More information about the variable is available in the article and in its online appendix. Replication code and raw data for creating the LPR (loss probability) measure itself are available on DataVerse, but we suspect that most people will only want the variable.
How to cite:
Kayser, Mark Andreas and René Lindstädt. 2015. A Cross-National Measure of Electoral Competitiveness. Political Analysis 23(2): 242-253. doi: 10.1093/pan/mpv001 :: pdf :: appendix
We hope to update this measure periodically.